Wednesday, May 31, 2017 is World No Tobacco Day. Organizations such as World Health Organization (WHO) and Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) focus on this day to create awareness on Tobacco use, the risks involved, and ways to restrict tobacco advertisement/development.
Smoking is the number one cause of death that is preventable worldwide. In the USA alone 480,000 people die every year from smoking and 41,000 die from second-hand smoke. About 80% of those who smoke are in the low and middle class population. Tobacco companies target low income areas by increasing their advertising, have more tobacco shops, and offer price discounts. Being in the low-income bracket alone increases your chances of smoking. More than 40% of those who smoke are in the low socioeconomic category. This was not always the case. In the 1940s, those with higher education were the ones that smoked the most. This was most likely due to the public not knowing the health effects of smoking. Once studies came out showing the negative effects of smoking those of high socioeconomic status quit or never started and the tobacco industry started targeting low income areas.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC) smoking has gone done since the 1960s. Below is a graph showing the decline in smoking in adults and high school students from 1965 to 2014. Surveys were conducted, and these were the results.
For those who are ready to quit smoking but don’t know where to find help during the grueling process, here are a few places to visit that can help you stay on track. Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Type into the search engine I’m ready to quit and click on the first link. Here you will be assisted with developing your own “Quit Plan” along with ways to manage your craving and social network support. Another website to visit would be QuitlineNC. This website offers a FREE program that you can enroll in that will give you the tools and a coach to help you succeed in quitting. Quitline NC is available to any North Carolina resident. With it being a FREE program, there is no worrying about your insurance or income. By enrolling in this program, you may be eligible to receive FREE nicotine replacement therapy such as nicotine patches or nicotine gum.
- Tobacco Statistics & Facts. https://ash.org/resources/tobacco-statistics-facts/
- Fast Facts. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fast_facts/index.htm
- Hiscock, R., Bauld, L., Amos, A., Fidler, JA., Munafo, M. (2012) Socioeconomic status and smoking: a review. PubMed, 1248:107-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06202.x.
- Trends in Current Cigarette Smoking Among High School Students and Adults, United States, 1965–2014. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/tables/trends/cig_smoking/index.htm
- Tobacco and social justice: Smoking in low-income communities. Truth Initiative – https://truthinitiative.org/news/smoking-and-low-income-communities
- Tips From Former Smokers. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/quit-smoking/?gclid=CjwKEAjw6e_IBRDvorfv2Ku79jMSJAAuiv9YwUndSnG-5cRIQdr5F107tOjgf3d7e4Mr6Pep6UEtoxoC6XLw_wcB